Harold L. Dibble is a Paleolithic archaeologist specializing in Neanderthal behavior. He has directed excavations at a number of sites in France, Egypt, and Morocco, and he is the director of the Laboratory for the Study of Ancient Technology, which focuses on experiments in stone tool production. He is currently a professor of anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania and curator-in-charge of the European Archaeology Section at the Penn Museum.
The authors would like to acknowledge the other members of their research team: a third Paleolithic archaeologist, Shannon McPherron (at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany) and two geoarchaeologists: Paul Goldberg (a professor emeritus at Boston University) and Vera Aldeias (a researcher at the Max Planck Institute).
Humans’ ability to control fire is among the most important technological advances in our evolutionary history. Research on Neanderthal cave sites in France is offering new insights on this old enigma.