Emily Hammer is an anthropological archaeologist of the Middle East and South Caucasia. She is currently an assistant professor of archaeology and digital humanities at the University of Pennsylvania. Her research investigates the territorial organization of ancient polities, the development of early cities, and long-term changes in the interactions between culture and environment. Hammer uses geographic information science (GIS and spatial analysis), archaeology, satellite imagery analysis, and archival research as tools for recovering human experiences that have otherwise been sidelined in narratives about the past. In particular, she works to uncover the experiences of mobile pastoralists and other communities that lived in agriculturally marginal environments, such as deserts and highlands. Hammer has conducted archaeological surveys and excavations in Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Azerbaijan, and Iraq with funding from the National Science Foundation, the National Geographic Society, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, and other sources.