Table of contents
Table of contents
Linguistic Anthropology
Unit 2

Language and Diversity

An older person stands in front of a younger one and points at an informational poster at their side.

Linguistic anthropology lays plain the dynamic nature of languages and how they make possible a variety of different understandings of the world around us. In this unit, students will consider language creation and extinction, and explore a diversity of languages and the various ways researchers study languages.

Professor Talking Points
  • Linguistic anthropologists are well-positioned to consider the cycles of languages: how they are created, how they change over time in numerous ways, and how they die.
  • There are an estimated 6,000 languages spoken around the world, and this diversity represents different ways of seeing the world, interacting, and talking about social interactions, the environment, food, politics, and complex abstract concepts about time, space, color, the divine, etc.
  • Linguistic anthropologists have been vocal about the predicament in which humanity find itself: that many languages are at risk of extinction.
  • The study of linguistics and culture helps make sense of why languages are threatened, allows for a deep appreciation of the power of languages and the diverse perspectives they produce, and permits all of us to consider what can be done to stop this process.
  • Some linguistic anthropologists also track the struggles and successes of people who are working to resuscitate dying languages and highlight ways to support these processes.
Academic Articles
  1. Limerick, Nicolas. 2018. “Attaining Multicultural Citizenship Through Indigenous-Language Instruction: Successful Kichwa Misfires and the Modeling of Modernist Language Ideologies in Ecuador.” Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 28 (3): 313–331.

  2. Otheguy, Ricardo, Ofelia García, and Wallis Reid. 2015. “Clarifying Translanguaging and Deconstructing Named Languages: A Perspective From Linguistics.” Applied Linguistics Review 6 (3): 281–307.

Student Discussion Questions
  1. Discuss the beginnings of languages: Where do they come from? How are they created?
  2. Name some reasons why languages are at risk of extinction.
  3. Do you think that it is important to save languages? Do you think there are conditions under which some languages should not be saved?
  4. What does the 2017 SAPIENS article by Nicola Jones teach us about how language helps people understand the world?
  5. What is the Limerick (2018) article saying about language diversity and belonging? How does this message apply to the other readings?
Additional Resources
  1. Article: SAPIENS’ “Why Are Languages Worth Preserving?

  2. TED Playlist: How Languages Change Over Time

Unit By

Eshe Lewis (2020)

Linguistic Anthropology
Unit 3

Language and Gender

A group of people walk down a road with a large sign on their right that reads, "future has no gender" in rainbow-colored, capitalized letters.